A combination of members of CAGG and students from the Institute of Archaeology, UCL, undertook four days of survey in Verulamium Park a couple of weeks ago. It was supposed to be five days, but the Saturday was called off because of rain. We aimed to:
- extend the magnetometry survey into Abbey Orchard, the field between the Park and the Cathedral;
- undertake some more GPR survey in the Park;
- try the six-probe six-depth method of Earth Resistance survey over one of the buildings we have previously surveyed;
- try a resistivity psuedo-section across the line of the town wall near St Germain’s Block.
It was definitely one of “those” survey periods. Every single technique had some problem or other of varying degrees of seriousness. We managed to sort most of them out in the end, but that and the Archaeology in Hertfordshire: Recent Research conference which was held on Saturday 26th have delayed this posting.
I am going to post the results in two parts, starting with the mag and GPR data.
The mag survey
The area being surveyed is not very large, but is quite awkward. It lies on a steep slope, has many trees and a great number of people walking by. It should, however, have evidence of the abbey, and possibly a late Roman cemetery. It also may have an Iron Age enclosure which was seen on an aerial photograph, and maybe the early Saxon town.
Between teaching, equipment issues and rain, we didn’t get as much done as we hoped, but we have at least started on this, our first extramural area at Verulamium.
Very little can be seen in this plot. It is very “noisy”. There is one potential thin feature, and the vague hint of a larger, wider feature (marked with red arrows in Fig. 2). Given where we are working, this is all very disappointing so far. We do need to complete this area if we can, however, so we’ll be back at some point.
The GPR survey
We did have some problems with the GPR as well, but eventually we managed to resolve those and completed an area 160m by 40m on the southern side of the town near the London Gate. The weather and obstacles could prove challenging (Fig. 3).
As usual, I used Larry Conyers and Jeff Lucius’ free software to “time slice” the GPR data. I created 3ns thick slices which seem to work well at Verulamium. The third slice (10.5–13.5ns; Fig. 4) shows features close to the ground surface. The dark smear running NS is the topmost layers of Watling Street. The diagonal lines, which also show in the magnetometry data, must be some sort of drainage.
The next slice (13.5–16.5ns, Fig. 5) shows the archaeology much more clearly. Watling Street is the black north-south feature to the east of the plot. There is, however, a hole in it! I guess this is another example of the extensive robbing of the town for building materials. Slightly to the west, a narrower minor road is running SW–NE across the plot. This road lines up with the light linear feature in the mag data. On the north side of this smaller road is a building with at least two rooms and what appears to be a paved area to the NE.
Slice 5 (16.5–19.5ns; Fig 6) still shows Watling Street and the building. There is a hint of some linear features that are on the same alignment as the rectangular enclosure which shows in the mag data to the south, and a wall in the SE corner.
The next slice (Fig. 7; 19.5–22.5ns) as there are hints of robbed walls showing in the south side of the plot next to Watling Street. These are showing as white lines of reflection free data and do seem to form structures of some sort. These align with the strange enclosure seen in the mag data.
The last slice (Fig. 8, 22.5–25.5ns) is interesting in that the main line of Watling Street is still visible, but does not have such strong reflections as before. There are, however, two bands of strong reflections either side of the road. Perhaps these are the roadside ditches known from excavation filled with rubble from the road surfaces and construction? The signal at this depth has started to attenuate and I will not show the deeper slices.
In Part 2 I will show the results of the two electrical techniques.
Ellen has designed a logo for CAGG. What do you all think?